The kidney diet often referred to as the renal diet is designed for people with kidney disease. Over 31 million people here in the US have kidney disease and the numbers are increasing. Medical professionals such as doctors and hospitals working with kidney disease patients developed this special eating plan with the medical science community and is based on scientific research. There is no single kidney diet as each plan is specific to each person. This requires careful research and monitoring in order to design the correct plan for each patients needs. The patient needs to work with a renal dietitian to get the right eating plan to fit their dietary requirements. This is based on information such as age, activity, if they are on dialysis and the degree of kidney failure. There are strict guidelines to control the amount of protein, fluids, phosphorous, potassium and sodium that are consumed, and this helps the kidneys.
Protein is an element that should be monitored. Protein is needed to repair, maintain and build muscles, glands and organs. When protein is used by the body it creates urea. Urea is a waste product that is filtered from the body in urine by the kidneys. When the kidneys are not working properly, urea can build up and could cause other serious illness. Controlling the amount and type of protein consumed is necessary to extend the health of the kidneys.
Fluids both the type and the amount can be a major concern depending upon how much kidney function there is.