Kidney Disorder - Polycystic Kidney Disease

Kidney Disorder - Polycystic Kidney Disease

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a disorder that is typified by the progress of many cysts in the kidneys. The cysts are filled with fluid. PKD cysts could restore a great deal of the mass of the kidneys, thus decreasing kidney function and causing kidney failure.

PKD is one of the most widespread disorders affected by changes in a single gene. It distresses approximately 500,000 people in the U.S. There are two types of PKD. The autosomal dominant type of the disease is much more usual than the autosomal recessive type. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease distresses 1 in 500-1,000 people, whereas the autosomal recessive form comes about in a likely 1 in 20,000-40,000 people.

Though PKD is typically a genetic disorder, a small part of cases are not produced by gene mutations. These nonhereditary cases are named acquired polycystic kidney disease. This type of the disorder happens most frequently in people who have been dealt with for some years with hemodialysis (a method that filters the blood in people with kidney failure).

Several symptoms of PKD are abdominal pain or tenderness, blood in the urine, excessive urination at night, flank pain on one or both sides. Additional symptoms that can be connected with this disease consist of: drowsiness, high blood pressure, joint pain, nail abnormalities, painful menstruation.

To make a diagnosis on PKD, your doctor will acquire an entire medical history and do a careful physical examination. He/she will be able to consider any enlargement of the kidneys if the disease has developed. Your doctor will direct tests that assess your kidney function, in addition to scans of the kidney area to make sure for enlargement and cysts. He/she can operate a kidney biopsy, in which a small sample of kidney tissue is uninvolved for inspection under a microscope. Your doctor will test for high blood pressure and any heart conditions that frequently go with polycystic kidney disease as well.

At the present time, there is no certain treatment for polycystic kidney disease. But, it is significant for anybody with PKD to retain habitual checkups.

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